EHS > Chemical
> Programs & Guidelines
Eye and Face Protection
Eye and face protection
must be made available to all employees or visitors to areas where
chemicals are used and stored. Protective eye and face equipment
must be worn where there is a reasonable probability of injury from
hazardous chemicals. This document outlines when eye protection
is needed, what type of eye protection is needed and lists sources
for obtaining safety eyewear and prescription safety glasses.
should be selected based on the following table:
Eye Protection Selection Criteria
into laboratory or liquid chemical area when a reasonable probability
of eye injury exists
more than one liter quantities of corrosive chemicals
goggles and face shield
on campus contain liquids, acids, bases and organic solvents that
may present a splash hazard. Other nonlaboratory areas, like storerooms,
farms, and maintenance areas may have corrosive or injurious chemicals
or jobs that require eye protection be worn if the probability of
an eye injury exists. These laboratories and other work areas will
need to do a risk assessment and implement the eye and face protection
policy accordingly. The risk assessment should evaluate the
potential for an eye injury to occur and should determine the type
of eye protection to be worn. Typical activities that would present
the reasonable probability of eye injury include:
- Opening centrifuge
- Using syringes
The above list
is not inclusive and you should consider all procedures that involve
the potential for splash. Past accidents involving a splash to the
eye would indicate a situation that requires eye protection. An
employee working adjacent to an activity that requires eye protection,
may require the adjacent employee to use eye protection. Different
chemicals will require different eye protection based on the pH,
the potential for skin/eye damage and the quantity handled.
The use of corrosives
and injurious chemicals would definitely require eye protection. Liquid corrosive chemicals are those with a pH <= 4.0 or a pH >=
9. Solid chemicals are considered corrosive when in solution; they
fall in the above pH range. A highly corrosive chemical has
a pH <= 2 and >= 12.5. Injurious chemicals cause tissue
destruction at the site of contact. For example, methylene chloride
or methylethylketone peroxide. Refer to the MSDS for assistance in
determining the injurious nature of chemicals and for recommendations
on eye protection.
In the Chemistry
Department, all employees or visitors are required to wear eye protection
whenever they enter the lab due to their Department protocol and
the high use of chemicals. In other laboratories or chemical use
areas, eye protection must be worn whenever liquid chemicals are
used or handled or the probability of an eye injury exists. At the
MSU Power Plant, employees wear eye and face protection when transferring
corrosives and handling water treatment chemicals.
glasses and Chemical Splash goggles can be found at General Stores
and are carried by many vendors of laboratory supplies. Any safety
glass certified to ANSI Z87 is acceptable. Goggles must be the chemical
splash type with indirect vents and NOT the direct-vented impact
goggles. Face shields shall be worn over the top of splash goggles.
Employees should have their own pair of safety glasses as a minimum.
The glasses should fit and the lenses should not be scratched or
clouded. Tinted lenses are not recommended for normal indoor activities.
For wearers of prescription eyeglasses, these are not safety glasses unless they have both side shields and shatter resistant lenses. Prescription eyeglass wearers can take their prescription to Wallace Opticiansto get prescription safety glasses. Alternatively, prescription eyeglass wearers may use the over-the-glass safety glasses . The choice of over-the-glass safety glasses or prescription safety glasses is at the discretion of the department.
Frandor Shopping Center
3040 Vine Street, Lansing
For departmental purchases at Wallace Opticians, use a PO to obtain wholesale prices. Submit the names of employees and your departmental restrictions to Wallace Opticians. Instruct employees to visit Wallace Opticians to pick frames and lenses. The costs do not include any eye examination for purposes of checking your prescription. Employees should consult their health insurance provider regarding eye exam coverage.