EHS > Office
of University practices dealing with radiation, chemical and biological
hazards will reside with the Office of Radiation, Chemical and Biological
Safety (ORCBS). The ORCBS will report directly to the Vice President
for Research and Graduate Studies. Protective services, fire safety,
accident prevention and general safety will be the responsibility
of the Department of Public Safety (DPS). DPS reports to the Vice
President for Finance and Operations and Treasurer. The special
matter of risk management in the course of delivering treatment
in MSU clinics or by MSU physicians, nurses and other licensed clinicians
comes under the special risk management procedures of the respective
clinic and the All University Risk Management Committee.
The Vice President
for Research and Graduate Studies and the Provost are responsible
for promoting liaison between the University faculty, students and
staff engaged in interaction, research and service, activities involving
radiation, chemical and biological hazards including related moral
and ethical issues.
administration is responsible for ensuring that the Office of Radiation,
Chemical and Biological Safety has access to personnel with competencies
in radiation, chemical and biological hazards safety procedures.
Radiation, Chemical, and Biological Safety Responsibilities
and maintenance of a training program of a general nature for
all involved personnel in the safe and effective handling and
storing of hazardous substances, procedures for dealing with accidents;
in the proper use of safety equipment, in packaging and disposing
of hazardous wastes and in compliance with right to know regulation
for unit supervisors in their obligations to inform employees
of the risks when working with hazardous materials.
and disposal of hazardous wastes. Monitoring for the adequacy
of containment facilities, the adequacy of safety procedures,
and advising units on the proper numbers, placement, and function
of safety equipment related to the Office of Radiation, Chemical
and Biological Safety. By performing these functions, the ORCBS
shall be responsible for compliance with State and Federal standards
and preparing any reports called for.
It will be
the responsibility of the units, (departments, institutes, schools,
outlying field stations, service groups, and facilities, etc.)
to ensure that all individuals working with radiation, chemical
and biological hazards are informed of the "extent of risk."
Material data sheets will be made readily accessible to students
and employees as required by the Right-To-Know legislation and
as new hazardous materials are introduced. Further, unit offices
will be responsible for maintaining a record of informed consent
from individuals whose duties require them to work with hazardous
substances. The responsibility for maintaining a unit safety system
in compliance with federal and state regulations and University
policies for radiation, chemical and biological hazards lies explicitly
with the chief administrative officer of the unit.
each unit must:
- Units shall
have an identified unit safety officer.
and maintain procedures for the acquisition, labeling, storage,
use and disposal of radioactive materials and hazardous chemical
or biological materials within their units. These procedures must
conform to the policies of the University and to appropriate State
and Federal laws or guidelines.
- Provide an
effective and periodic inspection system that will ensure continuity
and compliance in the safety program.
- Provide for
a unit education program that will inform all staff, students
and faculty of the unit's potentially hazardous conditions and
the safety systems for radiation, chemical and biological hazards
and that will periodically update the unit's safety procedures
in the radiation, chemical and biological hazards area. The education
program must be provided for students, staff, and faculty. The
Units must maintain their policies and procedures in written form
and must distribute them to new faculty, staff and students each
year prior to their use of stated materials.
- The Office
of Radiation, Chemical and Biological Safety and the Advisory
Committees on Radiation, Chemical and Biological Hazards will
periodically review each unit's proposed policies and procedures,
and when adequate, will certify that the unit practices are in
compliance with University policy at least biannually and when
appropriate. The unit will complete and forward to ORCBS the unit
annual Safety Report.
whether health monitoring is required for employees and students
working with hazardous materials. ORCBS will assist in this determination
and refer those individuals to the appropriate office for arranging
the physical examination or treatment.
To help ensure
the safe use of Radiological, Chemical, and/or Biological materials
(RCBM) those using such substances are required to develop and implement
a safety program. Such a program should be designed and instituted
in a manner that causes the least amount of administrative constraint
yet maximizes its efficiency.
At a minimum,
a unit safety program will contain the following:
- A designated
Safety Representative responsible for administration of the Unit
- A designated
Safety Committee or Safety Advisory Group made up of concerned
individuals and empowered to implement safety protocols, changes,
- A mechanism
to ensure that the Unit Safety Program conducts Safety Audits,
in conjunction with the ORCBS Safety Audit system (SAS), on an
- A mechanism
to ensure that the Unit Safety Program files a report of its
activities and inspections with the-Office of Radiation, Chemical
and Biological Safety on an annual basis.
of the Project Director
As a consequence
of the highly specialized nature and diverse assignments in a university,
the legal responsibility for the safety and well-being of all personnel
in contact with any university-related activity utilizing radiation,
chemical or biological hazards lies with the project director and
the administrative officers responsible at the various university
levels. The specific responsibilities of the project director are
- The project
director is responsible for ensuring that all personnel under
his/her supervision have been instructed with regard to general
safety requirements of laboratory or work area operation, as described
in the Chemical and Biological Safety Manual available from ORCBS.
- The project
director is responsible for being aware of the then known radiation,
chemical and biological hazards inherent in a proposed activity.
If these hazards are not covered by the general program of laboratory
or work area safety, the project director is responsible for instructing
personnel in the nature of the risks and in safe practices or
in directing personnel to sources of information concerning safe
practices. The project director is responsible for understanding
the risks associated with the acceptance into, or shipping from,
his/her designated area all hazardous radioactive, chemical or
biological agents. He/She is to be aware of the known dangers
in working with each particular hazardous radiation, chemical
or biological material and to take the necessary protective and
containment measures. Because federal and state regulations control
the use and shipping of radioactive materials, certain chemicals,
venomous animals, insects, pests, and infectious microorganisms,
the project director must be aware of these laws and comply with
- The project
director is responsible for informing and the special training
of all personnel under his/her supervision of those specific radiation,
chemical or biological hazards which are peculiar to his/her activities.
- The project
director must obtain periodically a statement of informed consent
from all individuals, both employees and students, working directly
under supervision of the project director in a University activity
where potentially hazardous radioactive, chemical or biological
materials are utilized and are specific to the activities for
which the project director is responsible. Each individual must
be informed of the "extent of risk" (where known) in
utilizing hazardous substances.
- In order
to protect individuals from unwitting and unnecessary exposure,
the project director is responsible for posting warnings and restricting
entry to areas that contain potentially hazardous radioactive,
chemical or biological materials. He/she is also responsible for
posting signs as to where information for hazardous materials
may be obtained. The principal investigator is therefore also
responsible for the safe packaging of waste materials destined
to be picked up by Laboratory Animal Care Service (LACS) or ORCBS.
Hazardous materials may not be disposed of without approval of
- The project
director is responsible for knowing whether health monitoring
for employees or students is appropriate. ORCBS will assist in
this determination and direct the individuals to the Office for
arranging the physicians appointments.
lab employee or student is functionally responsible for his or her
own safety. (The nature of the responsibilities differ among these
performing work with hazardous substances must accept a shared responsibility
for operating in a safe manner once they have been informed about
the extent of risk and safe procedures for their activities. Individuals
undertaking an activity without direct supervision by a project
director become responsible for performing those activities associated
with hazardous substances safely. This applies to all students,
staff and employees.
* This information
is available in full in the Policies, Procedures and Guidelines
for Radiation, Chemical and Biological Safety Document, dated September